5 Tips on How to Prioritize Tasks at Work


We live in a culture that glorifies being busy. But busy doing what? It can be difficult to prioritize tasks when everything seems urgent. However, it is essential to be able to focus on the most important things in order to be productive and avoid burnout. Here are some tips on how to prioritize tasks when everything needs to be ready “yesterday”.

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Prioritizing tasks is important because it allows you to focus on the most urgent and important tasks first. A lot of times, I encounter teams that do not have a proper task prioritization blueprint. The result? They tend to focus on the wrong things or on unimportant tasks. At the end of the day, they are overworked, but what’s actually important is not even started. That’s why it is important to have clarity when it comes to task prioritization. Prioritizing important tasks can help you to be more productive, avoid burnout, achieve your goals, and have a healthy work-life balance.

When you prioritize your tasks, you are able to:

  • Make better use of your time. By focusing on the most important tasks first, you can avoid wasting time on less important tasks.
  • Reduce stress. When you have a lot of tasks to complete, it can be stressful to try to keep track of everything. When you prioritize effectively, you feel more in control.
  • Improve your quality of work. When you are focused on one task at a time, you are better able to produce high-quality work.
  • Achieve your goals. By focusing on the most important tasks, you are more likely to achieve your goals timely and avoid missed deadlines.
  • Having a healthy work-life balance. When you start effectively prioritizing tasks at work, you avoid working overtime and thinking of work in your free time.

Overall, prioritizing your tasks is an important skill to have for success in both your personal and professional life.

work life balance

The Disadvantages of Leaders Who Don’t Prioritize

Leaders who don’t prioritize can have a negative impact on their team and their organization. The results can be pretty tough to handle. Imagine a ship without a captain – that’s how it feels when there are no priorities. Employees and team members are left in a state of confusion, trying to figure out what to prioritize. Energy gets scattered everywhere but not where it should be focused.

Worst of all, decision-making is impacted without a clear sense of direction.

These are the most common struggles when leaders don’t prioritize tasks effectively: 

  • Wasted time and resources. When leaders don’t prioritize, their team members may be working on the wrong things or on tasks that are not important. This can lead to wasted time and resources.
  • Missing deadlines. When team members don’t have a clear picture of the highest-priority tasks, they may not be able to meet deadlines. This can lead to problems with clients and customers.
  • Unmotivated and unengaged employees. When team members feel like they are working on the wrong things or that their work is not important, it can lead to employees who are unengaged. When weekly tasks become completely unrealistic and everything is an ‘urgent task,’ it becomes difficult to recruit and retain talent.
  • Stress and burnout. When team members are constantly working on urgent tasks, it can lead to stress and burnout. This can impact their productivity and their overall mental health and well-being.

5 Prioritizing Tips

You need to start prioritizing tasks better today so that you will have more time to lead your team! To start being more efficient, you can follow these 5 tips:

1. Learn to Set Goals Correctly

2. Make a list

3. Prioritize urgent tasks

4. Learn to Say No

5. Delegate When Possible

1. Learn to Set Goals Correctly

Well-defined goals give you a sense of clarity, focus, and, most importantly, purpose. When you know exactly what you want to achieve, you can direct your efforts more effectively, avoiding distractions and wasted energy.

What you have to keep in mind when you set your goals is to set realistic deadlines. When you create a realistic timeline for your goals, you can make better decisions and maintain a balanced workload. In a nutshell, setting realistic deadlines is key to prioritizing tasks and keeping you on track whilst also being motivated.

How would you feel if you could prioritize and accomplish your goals in just five minutes a day?

Luckily for you, I’ve come up with a 5 step easy plan on how to set goals in just 5 minutes.

2. Make a List

Creating an effective task list is the second step to staying organized and productive. Start by grouping all your tasks by project or due date. Prioritize tasks based on importance and urgency and estimate how long each will take. This will help you to organize tasks and stay focused on time-sensitive ones. You can use project management software in order to be more effective in staying on top of your to-do list.

3. Prioritize Urgent Tasks

Important tasks are the ones that are essential to your goals, while urgent tasks are the ones that have tight deadlines. These types of tasks might need more focus or more manpower to execute. That’s why they tend to be left behind. You need to get them at the top of your to-do list and tackle them early in the day while you still have energy. It doesn’t make sense to spend your energy on lower-priority tasks.

4. Learn to Say No

Don’t overcommit. Be willing to decline new tasks or responsibilities if they don’t align with your current priorities. It’s okay to say no to maintain focus on your top priorities.

This also helps with maintaining a healthy and motivating work environment and avoids stress. As a leader, you need to coach employees to communicate when they feel overwhelmed. Check-in with them and help them de-prioritize some other tasks to free up their to-do list to complete other high-priority tasks. This ensures that you’re setting your team members up for success and not just overloading them with tasks that they have no way to complete.

5. Delegate When Possible

When you try to do everything yourself, you’re actually being ineffective. Do not fall into the trap of being a superhero. Recognize tasks that others can handle and delegate them. This frees up your time to lead. Remember, when you try to do things for other people, it can send the wrong message, such as ‘you’re not capable enough.’ Make sure you empower people to take action and delegate tasks accordingly. Not only that, but it’s better to focus on doing a few things well than to try to do everything and end up doing nothing well.

Top 3 Prioritizing Tools

Prioritization tools help you manage tasks and responsibilities effectively. They serve as guides to help you decide what to focus on first and what can wait. These tools can bring structure and clarity to complex workloads, especially when you have a hard time figuring out which are the most urgent tasks.

0 to 10 rule

The 0 – 10 Rule

I came up with the 0 to 10 Rule when I found myself struggling with bills, kids, work, and school. When doing my PhD program, I received a letter from my university saying I was on academic probation. Everything seemed to work against me.

I remembered a tool that was part of a scaling scale for depression. I’ve borrowed from there and applied it in my day-to-day life.

It basically means that the most important things for you are a 9 or a 10, which means you should focus on those. Prioritizing other unimportant tasks, such as ones that are 1s or 2s, might drive you even further from achieving what’s most important.

This is helpful both in your personal life and in business too. This is also really helpful when trying to clearly communicate within teams. When something is a 10, everyone knows what’s the priority.

I’ve used this rule throughout my life, and I encourage you to try it too. It’s really straightforward and easy to implement.

Eisenhower Matrix

The Eisenhower Matrix is named after President Dwight D. Eisenhower. It categorizes tasks into four quadrants based on their urgency and importance. These are:

  • Urgent and Important
  • Important but Not Urgent
  • Urgent but Not Important
  • Neither Urgent nor Important

Tasks in the “Urgent and Important” quadrant require immediate attention, while those in the “Important but Not Urgent” quadrant should be planned for. The “Urgent but Not Important” quadrant may be delegated, and tasks in the “Neither Urgent nor Important” category are candidates for elimination or postponement. This matrix helps to determine what tasks demand immediate action and those that contribute to long-term goals.

Eat the Frog

This technique encourages tackling the most challenging or unpleasant task first thing in the morning, often referred to as “eating the frog.” By addressing the most demanding task at the outset, you set a productive tone for the day and prevent procrastination.

You can think of this like how you think about decision fatigue. You only have


Time management holds immense importance for every professional. Whether you are a sales professional, project manager, first-time manager, or aspiring leader, having effective time management skills is essential for success. Explore how to improve your time-management skills with these time-management strategies.


Urgent tasks are those that need to be done immediately, while important tasks are those that have a significant impact on the project or goal of the organization. It’s important to prioritize important tasks, even if they’re not urgent because they’re the ones that will help you achieve your goals.

One way to identify your most important tasks is to think about your long-term goals. What tasks are most essential to achieving those goals? You can start by creating a task list or use a matrix to prioritize tasks based on their urgency and importance. You need to update your task list as more tasks come along. Make sure your priority list is in check and low-priority tasks do not fall through the cracks while something important sits on the back burner.

It’s important to be able to say no to tasks, especially if you’re already feeling overwhelmed. If you’re asked to take on a new task, assess whether it’s important and urgent. If it’s not, politely decline and explain that you’re already committed to other tasks. You can shift tasks so you can stay focused on what actually matters, by making sure to de-prioritize small or unimportant tasks. This way you keep stress at bay and enforce healthy boundaries when it comes to new tasks.

One other way is to suggest a solution for task prioritization methods. Task management software or even AI can be great tools for repetitive or simple tasks that can add up.

Distractions can be a major challenge when you’re trying to prioritize tasks. One way to avoid distractions is to work in a quiet environment where you won’t be interrupted. You can also use tools like a timer or a focus app to help you stay on track. Also, focusing on multiple tasks at once is not a good idea. You’re much more likely to be productive if you focus on just one thing at a time. Try to focus on your more complex tasks at the beginning of the day so that your energy levels are not depleted yet.

It can be difficult to stay motivated when you’re facing a pile of tasks. One way to stay motivated is to break down large tasks into smaller, more manageable ones. You can also set deadlines for yourself and reward yourself for completing tasks.

Additional tips:

  • Plan your day or week ahead of time. This will help you to see what you need to accomplish and to prioritize your tasks.
  • Delegate tasks whenever possible. This will free up your time so that you can focus on the most important tasks. You have only so many hours in the day, delegating is a crucial skill when it comes to efficient prioritization.
  • Take breaks. It’s important to take breaks throughout the day, even if it’s just for a few minutes. This will help you to stay focused and productive.
  • Don’t be afraid to ask for help. If you’re feeling overwhelmed, ask a colleague or manager for help. Work together to create a prioritized task list and categorize tasks accordingly. This way it will be clear what are the unimportant tasks and you can delegate them to someone else to tackle them after bigger or more difficult tasks.
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Dr. Michelle Rozen

Dr. Michelle Rozen, Ph.D., is a highly respected authority on the psychology of change. She is one of the most booked motivational speakers nationwide as well as internationally, and a frequent guest on media outlets such as NBC, ABC, FOX News, and CNN on topics related to dealing with change in our world and in every aspect of our lives, so that we can do better and feel better.

Her most recent book, 2 Second Decisions helps people power through with their most challenging decisions through turbulent times.

Dr. Michelle Rozen consistently speaks for Fortune 500 companies and her clients include some of the most recognizable companies in the world including Johnson & Johnson, Merrill Lynch, Pfizer, and The U.S. Navy. She holds a master’s degree and a Ph.D. in Psychology and resides in the greater NYC area.

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